2021 discount When: The Scientific lowest Secrets popular of Perfect Timing outlet online sale

2021 discount When: The Scientific lowest Secrets popular of Perfect Timing outlet online sale

2021 discount When: The Scientific lowest Secrets popular of Perfect Timing outlet online sale

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The instant New York Times Bestseller
#1 Wall Street Journal Business Bestseller
Instant Washington Post Bestseller

"Brims with a surprising amount of insight and practical advice." --The Wall Street Journal

Daniel H. Pink, the #1 bestselling author of Drive and To Sell Is Human, unlocks the scientific secrets to good timing to help you flourish at work, at school, and at home. 

Everyone knows that timing is everything. But we don''t know much about timing itself. Our lives are a never-ending stream of "when" decisions: when to start a business, schedule a class, get serious about a person. Yet we make those decisions based on intuition and guesswork.

Timing, it''s often assumed, is an art. In W hen: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing, Pink shows that timing is really a science.

Drawing on a rich trove of research from psychology, biology, and economics, Pink reveals how best to live, work, and succeed. How can we use the hidden patterns of the day to build the ideal schedule? Why do certain breaks dramatically improve student test scores? How can we turn a stumbling beginning into a fresh start? Why should we avoid going to the hospital in the afternoon? Why is singing in time with other people as good for you as exercise? And what is the ideal time to quit a job, switch careers, or get married?

In When, Pink distills cutting-edge research and data on timing and synthesizes them into a fascinating, readable narrative packed with irresistible stories and practical takeaways that give readers compelling insights into how we can live richer, more engaged lives.

Amazon.com Review

How many of us come back from a lunch break with the best of intentions for an industrious end to the day, only to suffer the dreaded post-lunch slump? Pink lays out the scientific case for this phenomena, a peak, trough, and then recovery of energy levels and productivity seen in people worldwide, across all cultures and geographies. By being aware of one’s own chronotype, i.e. when they tend to experience peak and diminished performance, (for the record, I’m writing this review right before lunch), Pink argues readers can be more effective in choosing when to tackle a new project at work, when to give a big presentation, or even when to schedule a surgery. --Matt Fyffe

Review

“Pink delivers the bad news about our time-based weaknesses with some good news about how to compensate for them. More delightful still, many of these tips involve simply slowing down, taking breaks and stealing naps. Alas, none of this advice will prevent time from flying by, but at least there are proven ways to fill our hours a bit better.” — The Wall Street Journal

“Known for his popular books on motivation and creativity, Pink tackles the science behind how we organize our time and how we should set up the routines of our days.” —Washington Post, 11 Leadership Books to Read in 2018

“[Pink] unpicks compelling patterns... And he includes handy ‘time-hacking’ advice on how to put the insights divulged into practice.” — Nature

“Daniel Pink is one of the few non-fiction authors alive today capable of filtering the work of so many scientific minds through his original human stories and onto the page. He is doggedly diligent in his academic research yet his examples are accessible... Like a long walk with a good, funny, wise friend in a leafy park, reading this book is time well spent.” — Harper''s Bazaar

“The breadth of the book''s scope is impressive... Pink makes a point to end each chapter with takeaway points that readers can apply to their own lives. When is engaging, conversational and tightly edited, making it an easy yet important read.” —Associated Press

When contains a cornucopia of compelling information and insights.” — Philadelphia Inquirer

“Helpful tips and insightful solutions.” —Forbes

“Pink should change many people''s understanding of timing with this book, which provides insights from little-known scientific studies in an accessible way... By the book''s end, readers will be thinking much more carefully about how they divide up theirs days and organize their routines.” — Publishers Weekly

“Consistently applying the principles laid out in the book could have dramatic impacts on one’s life and on society.” —Washington Post

“Solid science backed by sensible action points.” — Kirkus

“Helpful, inspiring and thoughtful advice.” — Booklist

“[ When] reveals that timing really is everything... This marriage of research, stories and practical application is vintage Pink, helping us use science to improve our everyday lives. ” — BookPage

“Minutes are precious—and easier than ever to waste. Daniel H. Pink’s deeply researched but never boring study could be a turning point. College students and business managers alike may find new ways to organize their schedules and ease difficult decisions by using the ''hidden pattern'' of time to their advantage.” — The Wall Street Journal

“A new thought-provoking book about time and timing.” — Northwest Arkansas Democrat Gazette

“[Pink’s] latest book, When, draws on research from psychology, biology and economics to explore how timing impacts every aspect of our lives.” —EdSurge
 
“In this amazingly actionable and equally enthralling book, Dan tackles all the big timing questions.” —LinkedIn

Praise for Daniel H. Pink and his books:

 
“Provocative.” —Malcolm Gladwell

“Compelling.” — The Washington Post

“Like discovering your favorite professor in a box.” — Publishers Weekly

“A frothy blend of utility and entertainment.” — Bloomberg

“Convincing. ” —Scientific American

Radical, surprising, and undeniably true .” —Forbes

“Audacious and powerful.” — The Miami Herald

“Right on the money.” — US News & World Report

About the Author

Daniel H. Pink is the author of several books including the New York Times bestsellers When, Drive, To Sell is Human, and A Whole New Mind. His books have won multiple awards and have been translated into 39 languages. He lives with his family in Washington, DC.

Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.

1.

The Hidden Pattern of Everyday Life

What men daily do, not knowing what they do!

—William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing

 

If you want to measure the world’s emotional state, to find a mood ring large enough to encircle the globe, you could do worse than Twitter. Nearly one billion human beings have accounts, and they post roughly 6,000 tweets every second. The sheer volume of these minimessages—what people say and how they say it—has produced an ocean of data that social scientists can swim through to understand human behavior.

A few years ago, two Cornell University sociologists, Michael Macy and Scott Golder, studied more than 500 million tweets that 2.4 million users in eighty-four countries posted over a two-year ­period. They hoped to use this trove to measure people’s emotions—in particular, how “positive affect” (emotions such as enthusiasm, confidence, and alertness) and “negative affect” (emotions such as anger, lethargy, and guilt) varied over time. The researchers didn’t read those half a billion tweets one by one, of course. Instead, they fed the posts into a powerful and widely used computerized text-­analysis program called LIWC (Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count) that evaluated each word for the emotion it conveyed.

What Macy and Golder found, and published in the eminent journal Science, was a remarkably consistent pattern across people’s waking hours. Positive affect—language revealing that tweeters felt active, engaged, and hopeful—generally rose in the morning, plummeted in the afternoon, and climbed back up again in the early evening. Whether a tweeter was North American or Asian, Muslim or atheist, black or white or brown, didn’t matter. “The temporal affective pattern is similarly shaped across disparate cultures and geographic locations,” they write. Nor did it matter whether people were tweeting on a Monday or a Thursday. Each weekday was basically the same. Weekend results differed slightly. Positive affect was generally a bit higher on Saturdays and Sundays—and the morning peak began about two hours later than on weekdays—but the overall shape stayed the same. Whether measured in a large, diverse country like the United States or a smaller, more homogenous country like the United Arab Emirates, the daily pattern remained weirdly similar.

Across continents and time zones, as predictable as the ocean tides, was the same daily oscillation—a peak, a trough, and a rebound. Beneath the surface of our everyday life is a hidden pattern: crucial, unexpected, and revealing.

 

Understanding this pattern—where it comes from and what it means—begins with a potted plant, a Mimosa pudica, to be exact, that perched on the windowsill of an office in eighteenth-century France. Both the office and the plant belonged to Jean-Jacques ­d’Ortous de Mairan, a prominent astronomer of his time. Early one summer evening in 1729, de Mairan sat at his desk doing what both eighteenth-century French astronomers and twenty-first-century American writers do when they have serious work to complete: He was staring out the window. As twilight approached, de Mairan ­noticed that the leaves of the plant sitting on his windowsill had closed up. Earlier in the day, when sunlight streamed through the window, the leaves were spread open. This pattern—leaves unfurled during the sunny morning and furled as darkness loomed—spurred questions. How did the plant sense its surroundings? And what would happen if that pattern of light and dark was disrupted?

So in what would become an act of historically productive procrastination, de Mairan removed the plant from the windowsill, stuck it in a cabinet, and shut the door to seal off light. The following morning, he opened the cabinet to check on the plant and—mon Dieu!—the leaves had unfurled despite being in complete darkness. He continued his investigation for a few more weeks, draping black curtains over his windows to prevent even a sliver of light from penetrating the office. The pattern remained. The Mimosa pudica’s leaves opened in the morning, closed in the evening. The plant wasn’t reacting to external light. It was abiding by its own internal clock.

Since de Mairan’s discovery nearly three centuries ago, scientists have established that nearly all living things—from single-cell organisms that lurk in ponds to multicellular organisms that drive minivans—have biological clocks. These internal timekeepers play an essential role in proper functioning. They govern a collection of what are called circadian rhythms (from the Latin circa [around] and diem [day]) that set the daily backbeat of every creature’s life. (Indeed, from de Mairan’s potted plant eventually bloomed an entirely new science of biological rhythms known as chronobiology.)

For you and me, the biological Big Ben is the suprachiasmatic nucleus, or SCN, a cluster of some 20,000 cells the size of a grain of rice in the hypothalamus, which sits in the lower center of the brain. The SCN controls the rise and fall of our body temperature, regulates our hormones, and helps us fall asleep at night and awaken in the morning. The SCN’s daily timer runs a bit longer than it takes for the Earth to make one full rotation—about twenty-four hours and eleven minutes. So our built-in clock uses social cues (office schedules and bus timetables) and environmental signals (sunrise and sunset) to make small adjustments that bring the internal and external cycles more or less in synch, a process called “entrainment.”

The result is that, like the plant on de Mairan’s windowsill, human beings metaphorically “open” and “close” at regular times during each day. The patterns aren’t identical for every person—just as my blood pressure and pulse aren’t exactly the same as yours or even the same as mine were twenty years ago or will be twenty years hence. But the broad contours are remarkably similar. And where they’re not, they differ in predictable ways.

Chronobiologists and other researchers began by examining physiological functions such as melatonin production and metabolic re­sponse, but the work has now widened to include emotions and behavior. Their research is unlocking some surprising time-based patterns in how we feel and how we perform—which, in turn, yields guidance on how we can configure our own daily lives.


Mood Swings and Stock Swings

For all their volume, hundreds of millions of tweets cannot provide a perfect window into our daily souls. While other studies using Twitter to measure mood have found much the same patterns that Macy and Golder discovered, both the medium and the methodology have limits. People often use social media to present an ideal face to the world that might mask their true, and perhaps less ideal, emotions. In addition, the industrial-strength analytic tools necessary to interpret so much data can’t always detect irony, sarcasm, and other subtle human tricks.

Fortunately, behavioral scientists have other methods to understand what we are thinking and feeling, and one is especially good for charting hour-to-hour changes in how we feel. It’s called the Day Reconstruction Method (DRM), the creation of a quintet of researchers that included Daniel Kahneman, winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, and Alan Krueger, who served as chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers under Barack Obama. With the DRM, participants reconstruct the previous day—chronicling everything they did and how they felt while doing it. DRM research, for instance, has shown that during any given day people typically are least happy while commuting and most happy while canoodling.

In 2006, Kahneman, Krueger, and crew enlisted the DRM to measure “a quality of affect that is often overlooked: its rhythmicity over the course of a day.” They asked more than nine hundred American women—a mix of races, ages, household incomes, and education levels—to think about the previous “day as a continuous series of scenes or episodes in a film,” each one lasting between about fifteen minutes and two hours. The women then described what they were doing during each episode and chose from a list of twelve ­adjectives (happy, frustrated, enjoying myself, annoyed, and so on) to characterize their emotions during that time.

When the researchers crunched the numbers, they found a “consistent and strong bimodal pattern”—twin peaks—during the day. The women’s positive affect climbed in the morning hours until it reached an “optimal emotional point” around midday. Then their good mood quickly plummeted and stayed low throughout the afternoon only to rise again in the early evening.

Here, for example, are charts for three positive emotions—happy, warm, and enjoying myself. (The vertical axis represents the participants’ measure of their mood, with higher numbers being more ­positive and lower numbers less positive. The horizontal axis shows the time of day, from 7 a.m. to 9 p.m.)

The three charts are obviously not identical, but they all share the same essential shape. What’s more, that shape—and the cycle of the day it represents—looks a lot like the one on page 10. An early spike, a big drop, and a subsequent recovery.

On a matter as elusive as human emotion, no study or methodology is definitive. This DRM looked only at women. In addition, what and when can be difficult to untangle. One reason “enjoying myself” is high at noon and low at 5 p.m. is that we tend to dig socializing (which people do around lunchtime) and detest battling traffic (which people often do in the early evening). Yet the pattern is so regular, and has been replicated so many times, that it’s ­difficult to ignore.

So far I’ve described only what DRM researchers found about ­positive affect. The ups and downs of negative emotions—feeling frustrated, worried, or hassled—were not as pronounced, but they typically showed a reverse pattern, rising in the afternoon and sinking as the day drew to a close. But when the researchers combined the two emotions, the effect was especially stark. The following graph depicts what you might think of as “net good mood.” It takes the hourly ratings for happiness and subtracts the ratings for frustration.

Once again, a peak, a trough, and a rebound.

 

Moods are an internal state, but they have an external impact. Try as we might to conceal our emotions, they inevitably leak—and that shapes how others respond to our words and actions.

Which leads us inexorably to canned soup.

If you’ve ever prepared a bowl of cream of tomato soup for lunch, Doug Conant might be the reason why. From 2001 to 2011, Conant was the CEO of Campbell Soup Company, the iconic brand with those iconic cans. During his tenure, Conant helped to revitalize the company and return it to steady growth. Like all CEOs, Conant juggled multiple duties. But one he handled with particular calm and aplomb is the rite of corporate life known as the quarterly earnings call.

Every three months, Conant and two or three lieutenants (usually the company’s chief financial officer, controller, and head of investor relations) would walk into a boardroom in Campbell’s Camden, New Jersey, headquarters. Each person would take a seat along one of the sides of a long rectangular table. At the center of the table sat a speakerphone, the staging ground for a one-hour conference call. At the other end of the speakerphone were one hundred or so investors, journalists, and, most important, stock analysts, whose job is to assess a company’s strengths and weaknesses. In the first half hour, Conant would report on Campbell’s revenue, expenses, and earnings the previous quarter. In the second half hour, the executives would answer questions posed by analysts, who would probe for clues about the company’s performance.

At Campbell Soup and all public companies, the stakes are high for earnings calls. How analysts react—did the CEO’s comments leave them bullish or bearish about the company’s prospects?—can send a stock soaring or sinking. “You have to thread the needle,” Conant told me. “You have to be responsible and unbiased, and report the facts. But you also have a chance to champion the company and set the record straight.” Conant says his goal was always to “take uncertainty out of an uncertain marketplace. For me, these calls introduced a sense of rhythmic certainty into my relationships with investors.”

CEOs are human beings, of course, and therefore presumably subject to the same daily changes in mood as the rest of us. But CEOs are also a stalwart lot. They’re tough-minded and strategic. They know that millions of dollars ride on every syllable they utter in these calls, so they arrive at these encounters poised and prepared. Surely it couldn’t make any difference—to the CEO’s performance or the company’s fortunes—when these calls occur?

Three American business school professors decided to find out. In a first-of-its-kind study, they analyzed more than 26,000 earnings calls from more than 2,100 public companies over six and a half years using linguistic algorithms similar to the ones employed in the Twitter study. They examined whether the time of day influenced the emotional tenor of these critical conversations—and, as a consequence, perhaps even the price of the company’s stock.

Calls held first thing in the morning turned out to be reasonably upbeat and positive. But as the day progressed, the “tone grew more negative and less resolute.” Around lunchtime, mood rebounded slightly, probably because call participants recharged their mental and emotional batteries, the professors conjectured. But in the afternoon, negativity deepened again, with mood recovering only after the market’s closing bell. Moreover, this pattern held “even after controlling for factors such as industry norms, financial distress, growth opportunities, and the news that companies were reporting.” In other words, even when the researchers factored in economic news (a slowdown in China that hindered a company’s exports) or firm fundamentals (a company that reported abysmal quarterly earnings), afternoon calls “were more negative, irritable, and combative” than morning calls.

Perhaps more important, especially for investors, the time of the call and the subsequent mood it engendered influenced companies’ stock prices. Shares declined in response to negative tone—again, even after adjusting for actual good news or bad news—“leading to temporary stock mispricing for firms hosting earnings calls later in the day.”

While the share prices eventually righted themselves, these results are remarkable. As the researchers note, “call participants repre­sent the near embodiment of the idealized homo economicus.” Both the analysts and the executives know the stakes. It’s not merely the people on the call who are listening. It’s the entire market. The wrong word, a clumsy answer, or an unconvincing response can send a stock’s price spiraling downward, imperiling the company’s ­prospects and the executives’ paychecks. These hardheaded businesspeople have every incentive to act rationally, and I’m sure they believe they do. But economic rationality is no match for a biological clock forged during a few million years of evolution. Even “sophisticated ­economic agents acting in real and highly incentivized settings are influenced by diurnal rhythms in the performance of their professional duties.”

These findings have wide implications, say the researchers. The results “are indicative of a much more pervasive phenomenon of diurnal rhythms influencing corporate communications, decision-­making and performance across all employee ranks and business enterprises throughout the economy.” So stark were the results that the authors do something rare in academic papers: They offer specific, practical advice.

“[A]n important takeaway from our study for corporate executivesis that communications with investors, and probably other criticalmanagerial decisions and negotiations, should be conducted earlier in the day.”

Should the rest of us heed this counsel? (Campbell, as it happens,typically held its earnings calls in the morning.) Our moods cycle in a regular pattern—and, almost invisibly, that affects how corporate executives do their job. So should those of us who haven’t ascended to the C-suite also frontload our days and tackle our important work in the morning?

The answer is yes. And no.

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Cloggie Downunder
5.0 out of 5 stars
a quick read that rewards time spent with some excellent insights
Reviewed in the United States on January 8, 2018
4.5★s When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing is the fourth book by bestselling American author, Daniel H. Pink. If we’re making an important life decision, what we decide obviously requires careful consideration. But what about when we decide? Could the time of... See more
4.5★s
When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing is the fourth book by bestselling American author, Daniel H. Pink. If we’re making an important life decision, what we decide obviously requires careful consideration. But what about when we decide? Could the time of day that we make a decision be significant? Could the time of day affect how well we learn or do our work? Does it really matter when we have that first cup of coffee? According to Dan Pink, it definitely does.

In this intriguing book, Pink examines the importance of good and bad timing. He begins by explaining how our individual chronotype (easily established) determines both our mood and our ability to perform at any given time of the day: how it affects our professional and our ethical judgements, as well as our physical function.

But he doesn’t just pontificate on the best time to do something for future success and happiness. He acknowledges that not everyone can control their work environment or the financial climate as they enter the job market. Pink also gives practical suggestions for dealing with less than ideal conditions, as well as hints and tips to improve everyday life.

Pink supports his points with data and simple, clear graphs. The depth of his research is apparent in every paragraph, and supported by his extremely comprehensive (26-page) notes section detailing references for each chapter. As well as six suggestions for further reading, Pink includes an 8-page index. But the most useful thing about this book is his Time Hacker’s Handbook: salient points from each section are condensed into summaries full of hints and tips and practical exercises that appear after each of the first six chapters.

Pink explains in detail: why having a coffee before a power nap makes sense; why combining a lunch break with an education session at 1pm (as some teaching hospitals do with their Grand Rounds) is counterproductive (ditto 8am lectures for University students); when the worst time to be a hospital patient is, and why; and the reason some people have the so-called “mid-life crisis”.

He looks at the effects of starting one’s career during a depressed jobs-market; why a mid-point (in a project, in a career, in a life) can cause a slump or a spark; how to overcome a bad start; when to quit your job; when to get married; when to exercise; the importance of breaks; and much, much more. Illustrating his points are choirs and rowing teams and basketballers and dubbawalas delivering tiffin tins and Hanukkah candles and the captain of the Lusitania.

Pink’s fourth book should be compulsory reading for bosses, educators, and schedulers, for policymakers, company executives, and performers, but there is plenty in this fascinating book that the average person will find applicable to their lives. This is a quick read that rewards time spent with some excellent insights. Recommended!
208 people found this helpful
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Keith Garrick
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Much, much better than the “good” book I expected
Reviewed in the United States on January 11, 2018
I expect that Pink will always write a worthwhile book, so I pre-ordered it, expecting a few good tidbits and affirmations of what I recommend on my site and in my Kindle book Life Value Productivity. As he digs in deep(er) than almost all of us would never do... See more
I expect that Pink will always write a worthwhile book, so I pre-ordered it, expecting a few good tidbits and affirmations of what I recommend on my site and in my Kindle book Life Value Productivity.
As he digs in deep(er) than almost all of us would never do (including many “good” writers), he comes up with insights that are counter to what we might think (or assume, using logic, but without verified facts!).
Though the most known is the day time (ultradian rhythm) which I also write about, he points out how this “flips” around to be a relative opposite for “night owls”, who do their recovery in the morning (though it is somewhat known, it is largely misunderstood and misapplied) - which is very, very, very significant for that 20% of so of the population who fall into that category.
Honoring one’s natural rhythm by doing the “right things at the right time” during the day is ONE OF THE VERY BIGGEST EFFECTORS OF EFFECTIVENESS and productivity and on one’s life in general, including one’s happiness.
The book is a “nice read”, but I would recommend that you first read the highly useful, super productive “guidebook” at the end of each chapter to see what to actually do - and then go back and read the rest more at your leisure.
Implement at least the first two chapter guidebooks right away, right into your life NOW (take no more than a week!). I also recommend you do the timing trick that he recommends for weight loss, where you can comfortably eat fewer calories...
These strategies are mostly the “just do this exact (easy) thing, and you WILL get ‘x’ desired result.” NOT JUST MAYBE...
Implement these 100%, strictly, into your life and schedule and I GUARANTEE your life will be massively improved!
Keith D. Garrick
Life Synthesist
73 people found this helpful
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V. Stone
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Designed to sell - not so good on the science - but a fun read
Reviewed in the United States on June 12, 2018
This is a really enjoyable book, it''s just not very scientific. It''s designed to sell copies and no doubt his consulting services. Companies wanting to hire him should beware. As someone in behavioral sleep medicine, this is a field I know. Here are some good points... See more
This is a really enjoyable book, it''s just not very scientific. It''s designed to sell copies and no doubt his consulting services. Companies wanting to hire him should beware. As someone in behavioral sleep medicine, this is a field I know. Here are some good points about it: I think it''s great that he''s out there advocating for companies to give workers breaks, and even allow naps. (You can bet that such perks will be available without penalty for white "knowledge workers" and for other categories of work,it won''t be allowed, and for minorities, breaks would negatively affect their performance reviews.) I like it that he distinguishes power naps from longer naps - that''s grounded in good research on how napping affects the sleep drive. It''s great that he points out the role of time of day in test results, trial outcomes, and parole hearings.
The downside: you can''t separate time of day effects from the effect of what people are eating at different times of day. A lunch of processed foods that cause inflammation might account for all the time of day effects he cites here. Sure, sure, he mentions diet. But none of the research he cites is able to rule out the possibility that the effect has nothing to do with the time of day and everything to do with what people are eating 2-3 hours before the deadly 3pm decision-making black hole.
Given that we can''t control or change what people are eating on a large scale, there still may be some public policy recommendations for times of standardized testing, parole hearings, etc. that are valuable based on the research covered in this book.
It''s fun read, but read it with a significant amount of skepticism. In fact, human bodies and brains are really different from each other, and super-complex. The kind of easy, one-size-fits-all recommendations he makes sound like a great story, but they aren''t grounded in the reality of human complexity, and if you''re a business, you might not get a good ROI for trying them.
33 people found this helpful
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megormi
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Sixth Graders Want to Know More About When!
Reviewed in the United States on January 12, 2018
With a group of sixth graders today I read aloud the introduction to WHEN about Captain Turner''s Decision. I asked the students to close their eyes and create pictures in their heads about the sinking of the ship the Lusitania. I read the few pages aloud, ok with some drama... See more
With a group of sixth graders today I read aloud the introduction to WHEN about Captain Turner''s Decision. I asked the students to close their eyes and create pictures in their heads about the sinking of the ship the Lusitania. I read the few pages aloud, ok with some drama Daniel Pink would have been proud of! I did this as part of a lesson about comparing and contrasting the sinking of the Titanic to the Lusitania. Before we could get to my lesson objective the students wanted to know more about WHEN and the timing of things. They peppered me with questions that I don''t have answers to, YET! I can''t wait to read more of WHEN and share it with students and educators everywhere! #AwesomeDay
92 people found this helpful
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Wally Bock
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
A brisk introduction to the science of daily rhythms and how you can be more productive.
Reviewed in the United States on August 14, 2018
I think the best way for you to know what Dan Pink wants you to get out of When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect is to quote a long paragraph from the end of the book. “The product of writing— this book— contains more answers than questions. But the process of... See more
I think the best way for you to know what Dan Pink wants you to get out of When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect is to quote a long paragraph from the end of the book.

“The product of writing— this book— contains more answers than questions. But the process of writing is the opposite. Writing is an act of discovering what you think and what you believe. I used to believe in ignoring the waves of the day. Now I believe in surfing them. I used to believe that lunch breaks, naps, and taking walks were niceties. Now I believe they’re necessities. I used to believe that the best way to overcome a bad start at work, at school, or at home was to shake it off and move on. Now I believe the better approach is to start again or start together. I used to believe that midpoints didn’t matter— mostly because I was oblivious to their very existence. Now I believe that midpoints illustrate something fundamental about how people behave and how the world works. I used to believe in the value of happy endings. Now I believe that the power of endings rests not in their unmitigated sunniness but in their poignancy and meaning. I used to believe that synchronizing with others was merely a mechanical process. Now I believe that it requires a sense of belonging, rewards a sense of purpose, and reveals a part of our nature. I used to believe that timing was everything. Now I believe that everything is timing.”

Dan Pink begins the book like the good speech writer he was, with an interesting story and a question. The story is about Captain William Turner, who was in command of the Lusitania when German U-boats sank her and escalated World War I. We know that in the hours immediately prior to being torpedoed, Turner made several bad decisions. Pink says, “Maybe those decisions were bad because he made them in the afternoon.”

That’s his transition to the opening of the book and the idea that we can understand many things about us by understanding what scientific research is finding out about timing. Pink calls it “an emerging body of multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary research.”

Pink has divided his book on “perfect timing” into three sections. Part 1 is about the day. There are two chapters. Part 2 is about “Beginnings, endings, and in between.” There are five chapters in that section. Part 3 is two chapters on “Syncing and Thinking.” Here’s a little more detail about the contents.

Chapter one is devoted to the hidden pattern of everyday life and introduces us to chronotypes. While chronotypes result in a personal pattern of daily rhythms, they all include three stages: a peak, a trough, and a rebound.

The next chapter is about breaks and naps. It also addresses the question that Pink raised in the introduction about whether Captain Turner’s bad decisions were caused by being in the afternoon.

Part 2 is about the emotional power of beginnings and endings. There are also some crucial insights on midpoints. That’s where Pink introduces us to what he calls “The uh-oh effect.” That’s that period where you or your team are working on a project and suddenly realize that if you don’t get your act together, you won’t make your deadline. Uh-oh.

The final section of the book is devoted to syncing and thinking. There’s one chapter on syncing, the way that we work in groups. Pink says that group timing requires “someone or something above and apart from the group itself to set the pace, maintain the standards, and focus the collective mind.” He calls that “someone or something” a “boss.”

The final content chapter of the book is “Thinking in Tenses.” It’s about how we deal with the past, present, and future.

In addition to the core content of this book, Pink gives us a “Time Hacker’s Handbook.” I suspect that he does this for two reasons. It makes the book longer, pushing it up beyond the magical 250 pages that most mainline publishers want a business book to have. And, by putting the practical applications stuff in the Time Hacker’s Handbook, Pink avoids the tough writing challenge of integrating it into the basic text of the book.

In A Nutshell

When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect is pretty much Dan Pink. The writing clips along, and you''ll learn lots of interesting stuff. Pink is great at pulling together a bunch of surveys and studies and stuff and making a point. But that’s also the problem, he’s always making a point. That means that he glosses over things that don’t help him make his point. He also doesn’t spend much time talking about the complexities. In this book, one of those complexities might be how the different factors, such as diets and schedules and chronotypes interact in real life. And, as with every Dan Pink book, I always wonder what he’s left out.

If you want a quick introduction to the research around timing and our biological clocks, buy and read this book. If you want a more comprehensive or even-handed treatment of the subject, skip this book and do some of the research work yourself.
15 people found this helpful
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Mary A
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Eyeopening!
Reviewed in the United States on January 9, 2018
I thought I was good at time management. And then I read Dan''s new book. Now I realize that I knew nothing about the science of timing or true productivity. As with all Dan Pink books, When, is well written, well researched, and completely eye-opening. I can''t wait to start... See more
I thought I was good at time management. And then I read Dan''s new book. Now I realize that I knew nothing about the science of timing or true productivity. As with all Dan Pink books, When, is well written, well researched, and completely eye-opening. I can''t wait to start applying the principles of When into my life and work. When should you buy this book? Now! It really is a game changer!
42 people found this helpful
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RNM
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Loads of research on humans at work...distilled down to what it means to YOU
Reviewed in the United States on January 10, 2018
I''ve read all of Pink''s books, starting with Free Agent Nation back in 2002 when I launched my own business. He has a gift of taking boatloads of facts, research and scientific experiments and making it all readable and applicable for the common man. And that is what he... See more
I''ve read all of Pink''s books, starting with Free Agent Nation back in 2002 when I launched my own business. He has a gift of taking boatloads of facts, research and scientific experiments and making it all readable and applicable for the common man. And that is what he has again delivered in When. The cited research can at times come at you fast and furious, as if it''s on a pre-Christmas Amazon distribution center conveyor belt. But if you''re patient, he will put eventually put a bow on it and tell you what it means for YOU. And to that note, I''m already using the When Daily Planner to prioritize my Peak, Trough and Recovery periods of the day. With Pink''s books you will always learn something useful about humans at work and how you can personally benefit from the mounds of research on the topic.

Now my only question is...why was I just now taking time from my highly productive "Recovery" portion of the day to write a book review on Amazon? Oh well, I guess I still have work to do in successfully implementing of all these great ideas!
29 people found this helpful
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am
1.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Not worth the time
Reviewed in the United States on June 4, 2019
Work made me read it so they paid. I am glad I got the CD because it was AWFUL, reading it would have been torture. It feels like someone took works from others spun it around, dumbed it down and made it their own. If you are new to this whole quasi self-improvement-type of... See more
Work made me read it so they paid. I am glad I got the CD because it was AWFUL, reading it would have been torture. It feels like someone took works from others spun it around, dumbed it down and made it their own. If you are new to this whole quasi self-improvement-type of read it might serve you well but most people are aware of what''s in this book. If you expect it to be at or any where near the level of Zapolszky or Kahneman get ready for disappointment. The book has very basic info that any road show Bob can talk to.
12 people found this helpful
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Nona
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
A good companion piece for other behavioral economics books
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on March 8, 2018
In the past few years, the field of behavioral economics has taken off. It is not a surprise when everyone has been busy trying to find the mantra that could squeeze a little bit more from everything and everyone. As behavioral economics comes off age, there has been an...See more
In the past few years, the field of behavioral economics has taken off. It is not a surprise when everyone has been busy trying to find the mantra that could squeeze a little bit more from everything and everyone. As behavioral economics comes off age, there has been an onslaught of books describing the "how to" of extracting a little more. In the pursuit of becoming a better person, we end up buying these books. The more we read, the more similarity we find in these books. Most of these books are tend to cross-reference each other. Some of these books are built on concepts which can be better explained in a few pages. When it is blown up into a book of 200 pages, the reader becomes overwhelmed. Daniel Pink writes this book as a companion piece to most of the books related behavioral economics. The subtitle of this book is the scientific secrets of perfect timing. As the title says, it helps you decide when to start or stop performing an activity. So you learn how to do with the dozens of book and use the knowledge gained in this book to decide when to do what you learned. The book has a small cheat sheet summarising what you read and how to implement those at the end of each chapter. When you are planning activities in the future, you can revisit these cheat sheets. These books are always an exciting read. If you follow productivity topics avidly, you must have read some of the examples before. But it is still interesting to see another person''s perspective of these examples just like how we watch reruns and remakes of successful films. These books are not taxing and hence can be completed quickly. The challenge is to implement what you have read and also recall what you have learned. It is better to revisit the cheat sheets periodically.
19 people found this helpful
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Chris W
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Ever wondered when the best time to [insert activity] is ...?
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on February 24, 2018
I''ve read several of Daniel Pink''s books and on the strength of those bought this one. The subject of ''when'' is the best time to do certain things (such as analytical and creative thinking, exercising, decision-making and so on) and good timing is a really interesting...See more
I''ve read several of Daniel Pink''s books and on the strength of those bought this one. The subject of ''when'' is the best time to do certain things (such as analytical and creative thinking, exercising, decision-making and so on) and good timing is a really interesting subject matter and not one I''ve thought much about before. Daniel''s researched this meticulously and presented it really well - making it flow well and a good length. Reading the chapter on morning larks and night owls, which took the concept beyond what you usually hear, made a lot of sense as to the times of day, and how, I work well and less so. In addition to being a fascinating read each chapter contains a section on practical applications. Now I know when I''m best off doing my creative thinking, the benefits of an afternoon nap and a possible reason why my recent visit to the doctor was worse in the afternoon than in the morning.
13 people found this helpful
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Ms. J. Harrison
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
So inspiring
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on July 20, 2019
I haven''t yet finished the book from cover to cover but I have already used some key tenets from the book in time management workshops. This is an under researched area which deserves more attention. I applaud Dan Pink for lifting the lid on ''when'' because as a night owl I...See more
I haven''t yet finished the book from cover to cover but I have already used some key tenets from the book in time management workshops. This is an under researched area which deserves more attention. I applaud Dan Pink for lifting the lid on ''when'' because as a night owl I have always struggled with motivation in the 9-5 world and now I understand why. I have changed how I work, to make most of my circadian rhythms and if anyone else is struggling with energy levels at different times of the day, this is a must read. Thank you Dan - this book has really made a difference and I am spreading the word.
3 people found this helpful
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B.Sudhakar Shenoy
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Leveraging time and timing
Reviewed in India on June 23, 2018
In 1792, a prominent French astronomer de Mairan, while gazing at the stars through his window, observed that the leaves of the plant on the window sill, would open at sunrise and closeup at sunset. Strangely, and counter intuitively, the plant would behave the same way,...See more
In 1792, a prominent French astronomer de Mairan, while gazing at the stars through his window, observed that the leaves of the plant on the window sill, would open at sunrise and closeup at sunset. Strangely, and counter intuitively, the plant would behave the same way, even if it were to be kept in darkness, completely shut out from sunlight. This led to the concept of biological rhythms and a new science of chronobiology. Humans are no exception, and in fact have a daily biorhythm that is slightly over 24 hours. The external world events like the local time, sunrise and the daily schedules readjust our day. Apart from a normal sleep duration of about 7 hours, the rest of the day, for two thirds of us begins with a peak capability in the morning till noon, tapers into a trough till about 4 PM and recovers till about 9 PM broadly speaking. Awareness of this pattern would enable us to plan our day in such a way that we focus on the most important tasks before noon. The book highlights the fact that surgeries performed between 2 and 4 PM are prone to more than four times the error than those performed in the morning. We are at our lowest at 2:55 PM to be precise. An afternoon siesta for about 20 minutes is recommended to improve our day. Vigilance breaks that goes through a check list for example, can reduce mistakes. Restorative breaks like a siesta or a short walk in the park tend to enhance performance. While two thirds (or third birds) follow a normal daily pattern, a fifth of us (owls) are comfortable working late beyond midnight and the rest who prefer to start the day by 4 AM are termed larks. We tend to be larks as infants, owls as teens and third birds in adulthood. Once again, the pattern changes in old age, tending to be larks. Adequate sleep and appropriate breaks are key to high performance. Let us not blindly admire those stalwarts who survive on just four hours of sleep. ‘They are not heroes as we might think…, but are fools who are likely doing subpar work and maybe hurting rest of us because of poor choices’, is a powerful statement in this book. It is also interesting that the book has extended this concept beyond a daily routine. Timing of our graduation is a great example. Those who graduate during a recession end up with lower starting pays, and it takes nearly two decades to catch up with those who graduated in a booming economy. Business school students graduating in a bull market are more likely to end up with a job on wall street, and hence likely to become insanely wealthy, compared to others who might be just extremely rich. Everything that we do seems to follow a pattern in time and timing. Projects start with a bang, slump mid-way and recover towards the deadline. A good project manager should split the project into logical milestones, celebrate each of them and ensure that the team works with the same level of enthusiasm throughout. Midlife crisis is a similar phenomenon that can be appropriately managed. To enhance happiness in all that we do, it is important that we are in sync with a goal or objective, we work in sync with the team and belong to the tribe, and the work that we do is in sync with our heart. The example of the Mumbai Dabbawallas (tiffin carriers) is used as a case to aptly explain this. The dabbawallas, deliver happiness to their customers and not just tiffin. Highly informative and extremely practical, this book is yet another Classic for Daniel Pink.
33 people found this helpful
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Catherine Green
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Join a choir!
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on February 26, 2019
Daniel H Pink’s latest, fascinating book ‘When: the scientific secrets of perfect timing’ explains that our timing is less about luck and more about science. The book is full of thoroughly researched ways to improve life, such as... - lunch is more important than breakfast...See more
Daniel H Pink’s latest, fascinating book ‘When: the scientific secrets of perfect timing’ explains that our timing is less about luck and more about science. The book is full of thoroughly researched ways to improve life, such as... - lunch is more important than breakfast 🤯 - we should be napping more 😴 - and to enjoy united euphoria, join a choir 🎤
6 people found this helpful
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